Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan is the only doubly landlocked country in Central Asia and one of only two such countries worldwide.
Some curious facts about Uzbekistan:
- Uzbekistan is officially known as the ‘Republic of Uzbekistan’.
- The official language of Uzbekistan is Uzbek, while Russian and Tajik are also spoken there.
- Majority of the people in Uzbekistan are Muslims (mainly Sunni), followed by atheists and Christians.
- Uzbek, Russian, Tajik, Kazakh, Tatar and Qoraqalpogh make up the main ethnic groups in Uzbekistan.
- The currency of Uzbekistan is Uzbekistan Sum.
- The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent.
- Uzbekistan follows the system of ‘Presidential Republic’.
- Uzbekistan became a part of the USSR in 1922 and was known as Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic.
- Uzbekistan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
- The highest point in Uzbekistan is formed by Adelunga Toghi (4,301 m).
- Uzbekistan is home to one of the largest deserts in the world, known as Kyzylkum, which also extends into Kazakhstan.
- There is a shortage of water in Uzbekistan. Underground water and reservoirs serve the needs of irrigation.
- In 2002, ancient pyramids were discovered by Russian and Uzbek archaeologists, in the Kashkadarya & Samarkand regions of Uzbekistan. They are believed to be as much as 2700 years old.
- Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva cities of Uzbekistan serves as important centers on the Silk Route.
- Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, was an oasis town in the second century.
- Samarkand, the second-largest city in Uzbekistan, is over twenty five hundred years old. It also served as the capital city of Timur.
- Al-Khwarizmi, who introduced the use of Arabic numbers and founded algebra, was born in Uzbekistan.
- The “Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra” was written by Omar Khayyam in Samarkand.
- The National University of Uzbekistan, named after Mirzo Ulugbek, Timur’s grandson, opened in 1918.
- Uzbeks form the third largest ethnic group of the former Soviet Union.
- Textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy and natural gas are the main industries of Uzbekistan.
- Homosexuality is illegal in Uzbekistan.
- In Uzbekistan, lipioshka (bread) is never laid upside down and is never put on the ground, even if it is in a bag.
- Uzbekistan is the fourth largest producer of cotton-fiber in the world.
- Uzbekistan boasts of being home to over sixty distinct cultural and linguistic groups.
- Uzbekistan joined the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1995.
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