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Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan is the only doubly landlocked country in Central Asia and one of only two such countries worldwide.

Some curious facts about Uzbekistan:

  • Uzbekistan is officially known as the ‘Republic of Uzbekistan’.
  • The official language of Uzbekistan is Uzbek, while Russian and Tajik are also spoken there.
  • Majority of the people in Uzbekistan are Muslims (mainly Sunni), followed by atheists and Christians.
  • Uzbek, Russian, Tajik, Kazakh, Tatar and Qoraqalpogh make up the main ethnic groups in Uzbekistan.
  • The currency of Uzbekistan is Uzbekistan Sum.
  • The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent.
  • Uzbekistan follows the system of ‘Presidential Republic’.
  • Uzbekistan became a part of the USSR in 1922 and was known as Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic.
  • Uzbekistan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • The highest point in Uzbekistan is formed by Adelunga Toghi (4,301 m).
  • Uzbekistan is home to one of the largest deserts in the world, known as Kyzylkum, which also extends into Kazakhstan.
  • There is a shortage of water in Uzbekistan. Underground water and reservoirs serve the needs of irrigation.
  • In 2002, ancient pyramids were discovered by Russian and Uzbek archaeologists, in the Kashkadarya & Samarkand regions of Uzbekistan. They are believed to be as much as 2700 years old.
  • Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva cities of Uzbekistan serves as important centers on the Silk Route.
  • Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, was an oasis town in the second century.
  • Samarkand, the second-largest city in Uzbekistan, is over twenty five hundred years old. It also served as the capital city of Timur.
  • Al-Khwarizmi, who introduced the use of Arabic numbers and founded algebra, was born in Uzbekistan.
  • The “Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra” was written by Omar Khayyam in Samarkand.
  • The National University of Uzbekistan, named after Mirzo Ulugbek, Timur’s grandson, opened in 1918.
  • Uzbeks form the third largest ethnic group of the former Soviet Union.
  • Textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy and natural gas are the main industries of Uzbekistan.
  • Homosexuality is illegal in Uzbekistan.
  • In Uzbekistan, lipioshka (bread) is never laid upside down and is never put on the ground, even if it is in a bag.
  • Uzbekistan is the fourth largest producer of cotton-fiber in the world.
  • Uzbekistan boasts of being home to over sixty distinct cultural and linguistic groups.
  • Uzbekistan joined the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1995.

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About Peter

Photography is my passion, working part-time as a writer for Beauty-Places.